Kidneys are one of the most important organs in the human body. The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located on either side of spine, below the ribs. Each kidney is about 4 or 5 inches long. The main job of kidney is to filter blood. Kidney removes waste and extra water from the blood to make urine. Kidneys also maintains overall fluid balance in the body.
Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys. In adults, renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer while children develop Kidney cancer known as Wilms tumor.
Dr Amit Chakraborty is a very skillful, knowledgeable and efficient Cancer Surgeon. He has treated lots of complicated Kidney cancer cases successfully.
Kidney cancer begins when some kidney cells acquire mutations in their DNA. The mutations cause cells to grow and divide rapidly. This accumulation of abnormal cells form tumor. If kidney cancer is not treated on time then it can spread to other parts of the body.
Symptoms of Kidney Cancer
Kidney cancer rarely shows the symptoms at an early stage. In the later stages, kidney cancer shows signs and symptoms such as:
- Blood in Urine
- Back pain
- Loss of appetite
- Unexplained weight loss
- Fever usually comes and goes
Causes of Kidney Cancer
Major causes of Kidney cancer include
- Older age
- High blood pressure
- Certain inherited syndromes such as Hippel-Lindau disease, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, tuberous sclerosis complex, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma or familial renal cancer.
- Family history
- Exposure to radiation or chemical substances
Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer
Early detection of Kidney cancer is necessary to cure kidney cancer. Tests and procedures used to diagnose kidney cancer include:
- Blood and urine tests
Many times doctor asks for blood and urine tests to detect signs and symptoms of kidney cancer.
- Imaging Tests
Imaging tests include CT and MRI scans. These tests are used to visualize kidney tumor or abnormality in the kidney cells.
In this treatment, sample of cells are taken from kidney. The sample is tested in a lab to look for signs of cancer.
Treatment of Kidney Cancer
Surgery is the main treatment for the majority of kidney cancers. The main goal of surgery is to remove cancerous tumor and to preserve normal kidney function. Surgical procedures used to treat kidney cancer include:
- Nephrectomy: This surgery involves removing the entire kidney. Cancer surgeon performs laparoscopic or robotic-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy.
- Partial Nephrectomy: This surgery is also called as kidney-sparing or nephron-sparing surgery. The surgeon removes the tumor and a small portion of healthy tissue surrounding kidney than the entire kidney. It can be done as an open procedure or laparoscopically or with robotic assistance.
During Cryoablation, a special hollow needle is inserted through skin and into the kidney tumor. Cold gas in the needle is used to cool down or freeze the cancer cells.
During radiofrequency ablation, a special probe is inserted through skin and into the kidney tumor using ultrasound or other imaging to guide movement of probe.
Radiation therapy uses high-powered energy beams such as X-rays to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is used to control or reduce symptoms of kidney cancer.
Targeted therapy blocks specific abnormal signals present in kidney cancer cells and prevents growth of cancerous cells.
It is also known as Immunotherapy. Biological therapy uses body’s own immune system to fight cancer.
Kidney cancer is preventable and curable if it is diagnosed at earliest stage. Quitting smoking, controlling blood pressure and maintaining healthy weight are the best ways to prevent Kidney cancer.
Dr. Amit Cancer Care clinic is a highly sophisticated with modern medical technology to treat all types cancers. Dr Amit Chakraborty has given new, happy and healthy life to many Kidney cancer patients.
Dr. Amit Chakraborty
Dr. Amit Chakraborty is a Surgical Oncologist in Girgaon, Mumbai and has an experience of 15 years in this field. He is a well known cancer specialist with an expertise in diagnosing and treating head and neck cancer.
Patient Reviews & Feedback
3563+ Happy Patients
- Vandana Sharma
Best Cancer Surgeon. Dr Amit Chakraborty is a very kind, supportive and skillful Cancer Surgeon. He has treated and cured numerous complicated Throat, Neck and Mouth cancer cases successfully.
- Pranit Patil
A special thanks to Dr Amit Chakraborty, Amit Cancer Care, one of the finest Oncosurgeons in India and such a delightful personality! I simply cannot thank him much for his relentless efforts in treating my father. He has a magic in his words while explaining things calmly. He is the one who boosted confidence in the 1st visit itself and everything sounded so easy after in his presence. All the best Dr.Amit for your future endeavors!
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